North Africa

Water-poor Egypt eyes quadrupling desalination capacity in 5 years – Egypt

Water-scarce Egypt aims to more than quadruple desalination capacity by granting private companies concessions from its sovereign wealth fund to build 17 plants over the next five years with sustainable solar energy.

The plan fits into Egypt’s push to diversify its sources of fresh water for a fast-growing population as it faces competition for Nile river water from the giant hydropower dam that Ethiopia is building upstream.

The new concessions are designed to encourage private investment and technological development, both areas in which the Arab world’s most populous country has struggled.

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Developing Sinai – Egypt

On Monday, President Abdel-Fattah Al-Sisi inaugurated the world’s largest wastewater treatment plant.

Bahr Al-Baqar wastewater treatment plant, east of Port Said, will treat 5.6 million cubic metres per day which can then be used to irrigate agricultural land in Sinai. 

Mohamed Ghanem, Irrigation Ministry spokesperson, said the plant aims to process two billion cubic metres of water annually “to contribute to the reclamation of between 400,00 and 500,000 feddans as part of the national project to develop Sinai and make optimal use of water resources”. 

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El Sisi inaugurates the world’s largest sewage plant in Bahr El-Baqar – Egypt

A new plant treats wastewater in Bahr El- Baqar, in the Sinai, east of the Suez Canal in Egypt.

The plant, inaugurated by Egyptian President Abdel Fattah El Sisi, will provide water for the irrigation of more than 168,000 hectares of plantations in Sinai.

Like desalination, the reuse of wastewater has become essential to cope with water stress in Egypt.

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Egypt Seeks to Desalinate 6 Ml Cubic Feet of Water Daily – Egypt

The Egyptian cabinet discussed Monday plans to build
seawater desalination plants, as the country tries to address
looming water scarcity.

Prime Minister Mostafa Madbouly said the government has
prepared a strategic plan to establish more desalination
plants.

Egypt needs around 114 billion cubic meters of water
annually, while it only has 74 billion meters available, said
Minister of Water Resources and Irrigation Mohamed Abdel
Aty in April.

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KarmWater wins Marsa Alam desalination plant contract – Egypt

A seawater desalination plant will supply the Marsa Alam resort in Egypt’s Red Sea governorate. On September 14th, 2021, a partnership agreement was signed between the local authorities and KarmWater to carry out the work. The facility will be solar-powered. 

A desalination plant will provide drinking water to the resort town of Marsa Alam in the Red Sea governorate of Egypt.

KarmWater, the new water solutions division of the KarmSolar Group, will implement this project to harness unconventional water resources.

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Metito-led consortium wins tender to build Tunisian seawater desalination plant – Tunisia

Metito has announced that its consortium with Orascom and Cobra has won the tender to build a seawater desalination plant in Sfax, Tunisia, further strengthening the group’s presence in North Africa.

A statement from Metito explained that the tender was raised by the Société Nationale d’Exploitation et de Distribution des Eaux (SONEDE), a public establishment of the Ministry of Agriculture Tunisia, to enhance water security in the country.

The project is fully funded by the Japanese International Cooperation Organization (JICA) and is set to begin operations in February 2024.

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Metito led consortium awarded new seawater desalination project in Tunisia – Tunisia

Metito, a water and energy solutions provider, has announced that its consortium with Orascom and Cobra has won the tender to build a seawater desalination plant in Sfax, Tunisia.

The tender was raised by the Société Nationale d’Exploitation et de Distribution des Eaux (SONEDE), a public establishment of the Ministry of Agriculture Tunisia, to enhance water security in the country.

The project is fully funded by the Japanese International Cooperation Organization (JICA) and is set to begin operations in February 2024.

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The Palm Beach seawater desalination plant is back in service – Algeria

The Palm Beach seawater desalination plant is back in service since August 19, 2021, at a time when Algeria continues its fight against drought due to its arid climate and climate change.

The plant, located in the wilaya (province) of Tipaza, now produces 7,500 m3 of drinking water per day, compared to 2,500 m3 before the expansion work.

The reverse osmosis plant is capable of supplying 50,000 people per day.

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Egypt positioned to become desalination pioneer – Egypt

Egypt is exploring ways to increase its water resources and offset any negative effects of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) in light of the stalled tripartite negotiations between it, Sudan and Ethiopia.

Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan have been in a deadlock over the GERD since April. The crisis was raised more than once before the UN Security Council — most recently in July — which referred it back to the African Union, but to no avail.

Ethiopia continues to fill the GERD reservoir, disregarding objections raised by Egypt and Sudan.

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Parched Egypt seeks partners for $2.5bn desalination plan – Egypt

Egypt is seeking partners to invest in a $2.5 billion initiative to build more than a dozen renewable energy-powered desalination plants by 2025, as the country tries to tackle looming water scarcity.

Officials plan 17 new plants that would run on solar and other green sources, with each built, owned and operated by Egypt’s sovereign wealth fund in partnership with a group of local and foreign investors, according to the fund’s chief executive officer, Ayman Soliman.

The Arab world’s most populous nation relies on the Nile River for almost all its fresh water and is confronting a yawning supply deficit that officials fear will be worsened by a giant hydropower dam Ethiopia is filling on the main tributary.

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