North Africa

How 1,500 Nuclear-Powered Water Desalination Plants Could Save The World From Desertification

About 20% of the world’s population has no access to safe drinking water, and this number will increase as the population continues to grow and global freshwater sources continue to decline. The worst-affected areas are the arid and semiarid regions of Asia, the Middle East and North Africa.

UNESCO has reported that the freshwater shortfall worldwide will rise to 500 trillion gallons/yr by 2025. They expect water wars to break out in the near-future. The World Economic Forum says that shortage of fresh water may be the primary global threat in the next decade.

But 500 trillion gallons/year only requires about 1,500 seawater desalination plants like the ones being built in California and Saudi Arabia. At a billion dollars a pop, that’s a lot cheaper than war and starvation.

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Egypt’s government mulls establishing joint desalination projects with private sector – Egypt

The government is considering implementing joint desalination projects with the private sector, with a capacity of 150,000 cubic metres per day.

Government sources told Daily News Egypt that various companies have submitted proposals to implement joint water desalination projects, adding that negotiations between the Egyptian government and interested companies to begin next month.

Among these companies are Spanish Aqualia, French Schneider Electric, Swiss AquaSwiss, and Egyptian Metito.

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Metito inaugurates desalination plant in Egypt’s Al-Arish worth $96mln – Egypt

Metito is implementing a desalination plant in Al-Arish area with a capacity of 100,000 cubic metres per day in the first phase at a cost of EGP 1.6bn.

“The project is implemented in cooperation with Orascom, and the desalinated water from this plant is sufficient for 750,000 people,” said Kareem Madour, chief executive of Metito.

The project will be completed in 2021 and is part of the overall development plan in Sinai.

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In battle for Libya’s oil, water becomes a casualty – Libya

While Libya’s oil lies at the heart of three months of fighting over Tripoli and years of power struggles before that, water is becoming a far bigger concern for its people.

Interruptions to water supplies are common after eight years of near-anarchy since Muammar Gaddafi was ousted, but a wider crisis is now coming to a head in a country made up mainly of arid desert and split between competing administrations.

In western Libya, finding clean water has become difficult because both the power grid and water control system have been damaged in an offensive by forces loyal to eastern-based Khalifa Haftar on Tripoli, where the U.N.-backed government is based.

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Intro Energy to launch $100mln energy projects in Egypt – Egypt

Intro Energy is planning to launch several projects to produce electricity from renewable resources with investments of $100m within three years.

Mohamed Mamdouh Abbas, the managing director of the company, told Daily News Egypt that Intro Energy will be implementing a solar energy plant with a capacity of 20MW in Sharm El-Sheikh with the net metering system and a solar power plant with a capacity of 10MW in favour of a group of hotels, in addition to a solar plant with a capacity of 5MW for a hotel in Sharm El-Sheikh.

He explained that the net metering system includes installing a digital meter able to calculate the net usage, so that the current coming from the electricity grid and the generated current from the solar power plant can be calculated using a compensation system between production and consumption.

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Egypt awards its largest wastewater treatment plant contract to JV – Egypt

Orascom Construction has announced that it has been awarded a $739 million contract to build a water treatment plan in Egypt. Orascom won the contract in a joint venture with Arab Contractors.

The deal was awarded by the Egyptian government through its Armed Forces Engineering Authority. The JV will provide engineering, procurement, and construction (EPC) services for the Bahr Albaqar wastewater treatment plant located in the north-western part of the country.

This will be Egypt’s largest wastewater treatment plant with a capacity of 5 million cu m/day and will be used for irrigation purposes. According to Orascom Construction, scope of work also includes operating and maintaining the facility for five years.

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Egypt retracts on buying water from private sector over high prices – Egypt

The government retracts from buying water from the private sector due to the high prices offered by Arab and international companies.

However, the government decided to limit itself to bidding for desalination plants according to the state strategy.

Informed sources told Daily News Egypt that the bids received by the government to buy a cubic metre of water from desalination plants ranged between EGP 17-20, which are more than double of the prices that the government wants to contract, which is between EGP 5-7.

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Egypt- SCZone pays EGP 1.3bn to army’s Engineering Authority for desalination plant – Egypt

The Engineering Authority of the Armed Forces was paid EGP 1.3bn by the Suez Canal Economic Zone (SCZone) as part of the cost of establishing a seawater desalination plant in the southern area of SCZone.

Mohamed Shaaban, vice president of SCZone, said that the desalination plant has a production capacity of 100,000 cubic metres per day, at a cost of €90m (about EGP 1.76bn).

The southern area’s water needs are estimated at 250,000 cubic metres per day until 2030, and about 120,000 cubic metres per day from 2020 to 2025.

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Climate change: Egypt unveils plan to invest $50 bln in drinking water – Egypt

Egyptian government plans to invest about 50 billion dollars over 20 years to secure access to drinking water for its 97 million population.

The announcement was made by the Egyptian Minister of Water Resources and Irrigation, Mohamed Abdel Aty on the sidelines of the Beirut Water Week in Lebanon, which opened its doors on Monday, April 8, 2019.

The project is part of the National Water Plan 2017-2037 in the drinking water sector.

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Egypt’s new administrative capital getting its own ‘Nile’ – Egypt

Egypt is racing against time to build a river in the middle of the desert, to go with the new administrative capital it is working on about 30 miles (45 kilometers) east of Cairo.

On Jan. 14, Prime Minister Mostafa Madbouly attended the construction launch of the Green River project, worth 9 billion Egyptian pounds ($501.8 million), in the $45 billion new administrative capital. Seven construction companies are working on the project, which involves hundreds of workers.

Madbouly said during the ceremony that the man-made river will link a series of the new administrative capital’s “smart,” modern neighborhoods and will feature a chain of gardens making up one of the most distinctive botanical parks in the world.

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