Hit hard by the Korean government’s ill-advised nuclear phase-out policy, Doosan Heavy Industries & Construction (DHIC) has been desperate to make a turnaround. The company announced on April 28 that it managed to turn a profit in the first quarter on a rebound in overseas sales.
The project was awarded to an ACWA Power-led consortium at a world record tariff, at the time, of 8.781 halalas/kWh in 2018, which has paved the way for subsequent projects of the National Renewable Energy Program (NREP) to lower the cost of clean solar electricity in the Kingdom.
Al Gihaz Holding, a major Saudi contractor and investor, owns a 30% stake in the Sakaka Solar Energy Company (SSEC), alongside ACWA Power’s 70% stake, and was instrumental in both the investment, engineering, procurement, and construction of the project.
The Saudi Water Partnership Company (SWPC), as part of an alliance with a consortium comprised of France-headquartered ENGIE (40%) and Saudi based Nesma (30%) and Mowah (30%), recently achieved financial closure for the Yanbu-4 independent water producer (IWP) plant.
The consortium, led by one of the world’s leading low-carbon energy and service solution providers, ENGIE, was awarded the Yanbu-4 project in February 2020 after submitting a successful bid with tariff of SAR 1.7446 halalas per cubic meter of produced water.
The Saudi Water Conversion Corporation (SWCC) has been recognised by Guinness World Records™ for the lowest energy consumption for a water desalination plant, with 2.27kW/h consumed per cubic metre of desalinated water.
A statement from SWCC and Guinness World Records said the title further strengthens utility’s “global standing as a leader in the desalination industry”, as it “moves forward to accomplish the objectives of the Kingdom’s long-term Vision 2030 strategy by utilising local content and expertise in all its current and future expansion projects”.
The Saudi Water Conversion Corporation (SWCC) set the record by using reverse osmosis technology, which uses pressure to force water through a membrane, effectively filtering out the salt without having to heat up the water.
In addition, the new desalination plant operates with an environmentally friendly reverse osmosis technology that has been implemented based on the latest international specifications and standards, according to the state-run Saudi Press Agency.
The Kingdom produces more desalinated water than any other nation, with 27 plants transforming sea brine into five million cubic meters of fresh water a day. The industry has grown rapidly in recent years.
As part of its Vision 2030 programme, the Kingdom has introduced measures to rationalise water consumption, intending to achieve 24% reduction in consumption by 2021, and 43% by the end of this decade.
Saudi Arabian national petroleum and natural gas company Saudi Aramco said that water reservoirs far from the Gulf previously required significant quantities of non-potable groundwater for injection to help produce oil. In 1979, the company created a Sea Water Injection Department (SWID) to replace most withdrawals from this source.
Saudi Aramco founded SWID by commissioning the Qurayyah Sea Water Plant (QSWP) and an associated pipeline network. The company gradually replaced the requirement for non-potable groundwater with a series of expansions to the plant from 5.5 million barrels per day (MMBD) in 1978 to 7.0 MMBD in 1994 to 9.5 MMBD in 2005 and then to 14 MMBD in 2008. QSWP, however, consumes groundwater for utility and potable uses to avoid energy consumption for desalination as well as GHG emissions.
ACCIONA, a Spanish multinational conglomerate that develops and manages infrastructure and renewable energy projects, has embraced the digital twin technology, building information modeling (BIM), and drones for its desalination, tunnelling, mining, and metro projects.
Talking to Construction Week about how digitisation has changed the game for the company, Jesús Sancho, ACCIONA Middle East’s managing director, said: “There are two or three things that have passed in the last few years. The adoption of technology has improved energy efficiency per cubic meter of water.
“It has also helped in reducing the consumption of energy, while we have been able to introduce renewable energy sources.”