Despite the geographical heterogeneity across India, water scarcity is a recurring issue. The report notes that about 600 million Indians are living in extreme water stress and about 200,000 people are dying every year due to the lack of access to clean water.
Troubled waters for holy site – the Sea of Galilee recedes to its lowest level in a century – Israel
After four consecutive years of drought, Israel depends heavily on its desalination program for water, but the state comptroller said on Monday that the state’s water management is to blame for a shortfall in the supply of desalinated water.
“The Water Authority is charged with the responsibility for the country’s most important natural resource but has for years managed the water in a way that is not suitable for the scale of responsibility that it entails,” State Comptroller Yosef Shapira charged in his annual report published on Monday.
The tender, still in its early stages, is for a new desalination plant in the area of Soreq in central Israel, the Finance Ministry said in a statement. There is another desalination facility that already operates at the site.
In fact, the Israel Water Authority forecasts better-than-average rainfall this coming winter; but after five years of severe drought, it won’t be enough to bring reservoir levels back to anywhere near normal.
“The aggregate shortage over the past five years of drought is enormous,” it said in a statement. “The natural water sources lack some 2.5 billion cubic meters (660 billion gallons) of water. We need an unusually powerful winter to make up these shortages.”
Following five consecutive years of below-average winter rainfall, Israeli cabinet ministers passed a $30 million measure to replenish the Sea of Galilee and seven northern streams severely affected by the drought. The Dead Sea and the Jordan River are also suffering from the drought.
The plan also includes construction of two new desalination plants, one on the coast of the Western Galilee and a second in Sorek, where the world’s most advanced and largest desalination plant came on line in 2014.