ADNOC Refining has awarded a $473 million contract to Samsung Engineering has been to deliver a new power & water generation plant for the Abu Dhabi oil giant. The Waste Heat Recovery Project (WHRP) will be constructed at the Ruwais Industrial Complex, 240km west of Abu Dhabi city and will provide additional power and fresh water to the facility when it comes on stream in 2023. The scope of work includes the installation of heat recovery steam generators (HRSG) as well as a new steam turbine and generator (STG) desalination unit. Samsung Engineering has previously delivered six projects in the Ruwais complex. Existing experienced manpower, equipment, facilities and partner networks will be an integral part of delivering this project safely and on schedule, Samsung said. “We are proud to have been selected again by ADNOC who are a key partner for Samsung in the region and continue playing an active part in helping to deliver the nation’s 2030 Economic Vision, in particular making a strong investment in the local supply chain,” said Samsung Engineering’s President & CEO Sungan Choi.
On the Assembly floor is a proposal to pursue statewide desalination policies. Assembly Bill 3056 (AB 3056) would use the Cobey-Porter Saline Water Conservation Law to make a legislative push for desalination proposals. The Cobey-Porter Saline Water Conservation Law requires the state to develop cost-effective and efficient water supply technologies. “Desalination technology is now feasible to help provide significant new water supplies from seawater, brackish water, and reclaimed water,” the language of AB 3056 stated. “This bill would declare the intent of the Legislature to enact subsequent legislation relating to desalination.”
Adhesive technologies play a key role in the filtration industry. Advanced adhesives have a major impact on the efficiency and reliability of the associated systems. At FILTECH, Henkel will showcase its range of specialty solutions meeting the high requirements of filter systems. Loctite EA 9452 and Technomelt AS 5115 are only two out of multiple products displaying Henkel’s power to innovate.
Confronted with the challenge of global water scarcity, manufacturers of liquid filtration systems serving water treatment, food and beverage industries consistently need to optimize the reliability and efficiency of their products. At the same time, cleaning and maintenance costs incurred by filter users need to be kept as low as possible for their processes to remain competitive. With Loctite EA 9452 Henkel responds to this global challenge. The product provides a unique level of acid and alkali resistance and temperature stability up to 85 degrees Celsius during the cleaning cycle. In addition, it is compliant with EU Food Approval 10 / 2011, Regulation (EC) No. 1935/2004 (food contact) and Germany’s KTW (water contact). “Our product enables the cleaning of such filtration systems at higher temperatures, which translates into improved efficiency, shorter cleaning cycles and higher production rates,” explained Frank Lenz, Business Development Manager for filtration at Henkel.
Resistance to mold and bacteria are additional critical requirements in the industry which Henkel tackled by developing Technomelt AS 5115. The hotmelt adhesive resists temperatures up to 100 degrees Celsius and offers very high resistance to mold and bacteria in line with ISO 846. The main benefit of the product features is a reduction in the amount of cleaning and disinfection work required for components and apparatus. It also allows more design flexibility, with stringing or “angel hair” effectively eliminated. Technomelt AS 5115 is suitable for a wide range of applications, including pleating in filters or the manufacture of clean room filters. The product is also approved for use in HVAC systems in accordance with German engineering code of practice VDI 6022.
KUCHING: Fund for the repair works of all malfunctioned desalination plants were already approved by the Prime Minister to help address acute water shortage in coastal villages throughout Sarawak. Director General of Implementation Co-ordination Unit (ICU) Prime Minister Department Tan Sri Ahmad Zaki Ansore said RM5 million have been set aside to carry out the repair works for the eight desalination plants. “Total approved is RM5 million and Sarawak Rural Water Supply Department (JBALB) will implement the project,” he told The Borneo Post. Zaki said works at three locations namely in Teluk Melano, Kampung Batang Maro and Kampung Lanjong, Bekenu were awarded and have started very recently. “The project in Kampung Teluk Melano was awarded to Solidium (Sarawak) Sdn Bhd. Project was handed over to contractor on February 6 and work started on February 27. It is expected to be completed by August 28. “Projects in Kampung Batang Maro and Kampung Lajong, Bekenu costing were awarded to Polyfusion Pipeworks System. Work started on March 1 in Kampung Batang Maro, and is expected to be completed by August 31. While in Kampung Lajong work started on March 2 and completion date is scheduled on September 1. “Sarawak Development Office (SDO) and JBALB will closely monitor the repair works at these plants,” he said. The eight desalination plants were built by 1Malaysia Development Berhad (1MDB) Foundation to provide safe, clean water where the water source was salty. The eight areas are namely Beladin, Kampung Batang Maro, Teluk Melano, Kampung Punang in Lawas, Kampung Bruit and Kampung Penipah in Pulau Bruit, Kampung Lanjong in Kuala Niah and Lubok Samsu in Simunjan.
Chief of Army Staff (COAS) General Qamar Javed Bajwa laid the foundation stone of a UAE and Swiss government-supported Gwadar desalination plant when he arrived in Balochistan on a two-day visit on Sunday, confirmed the army’s media wing. The project fulfils a long-awaited demand of locals and shall provide them with 4.4 million gallons of water per day with the capacity to increase to 8.8 million gallons per day. The desalination plant will be completed in six to eight months time and will help resolve the scarcity of drinking water in the area, apart from reducing the hardships of residents of the area, who currently have to fetch water from far-off areas. “Balochistan’s progress is Pakistans’ progress and the Pakistan Army will extend full support apart from assisting in the socioeconomic development of Balochistan,” stated the COAS. …
The Multipurpose Applications by Thermodynamic Solar (MATS) plant in Borg El Arab, Egypt has been inaugurated. A research and development initiative aimed at advancing solar energy technology in Egypt and the Middle East, the project was led by a consortium of 11 partners from Italy, France, Egypt, Germany, and the UK, Orascom Construction said in a statement. According to the company, it participated in the funding and the construction of the project. The European Union reportedly co-financed the initiative. The MAT plant comprises an integrated concentrated solar power (CSP) and water desalination facility that can serve a community of 1,000 people in a desert area, Orascom added. Describing the plant as “experimental”, Orascom said that the project will serve as a “launching pad for scaling [the] technology and developing the project into a full-fledged research and development centre for renewable energy”.
The MATS plant is not Orascom’s only renewable energy project in Egypt. The company constructed and installed the country’s first CSP parabolic trough solar field in Kuraymat, Egypt from 2008 to 2010. It is also currently developing a 250MW wind farm on a build-own-operate basis, the first project of its type and size in Egypt
Water and Electricity Company (WEC) pre-qualified companies for Shuqaiq 3 desalination plant – Saudi Arabia
Qualified as lead and technical suppliers are Acwa Power, Acciona Agua, Cobra, Engie, FCC Aqualia, JGC, Marubeni Corp., Mitsubishi Corp., Suez, Sumitomo Corp., Valoriza, and Veolia; and qualified as technical suppliers, Bahr Rawafid, SNC Lavalin, and Marafiq.
The proposed 380,000 m3/d seawater reverse osmosis plant will be located in the city of Shuqaiq, on the Red Sea coast, 137 kilometres north of Jazan, and will be powered off the grid. The concession agreement is expected to cover 25 years.
Questale released a detailed assessment of trends in Global Desalination Facility market. The research report includes diverse topics like total market size, key market drivers, challenges, growth opportunities, key players etc. We have also covered key market updates, the impact of regulations and technological updates in ,, . New startups entering the space of Global Desalination Facility need to carefully pick their niches and genres so that they can compete on an equal footing with global companies who have an end to end development studios, production capabilities and global skills and experience backing them.
AquaVenture Holdings Limited, Florida, USA, about to purchase majority of Teshie-Nungua Desalination Plant of Abengoa’s subsidiary Befesa Desalination Developments Ghana Limited (BDDG)
AquaVenture Holdings Limited, a water solutions company based in Florida, United States of America, is set to purchase majority shares in the Teshie-Nungua Water Desalination Plant. According to available information, the transaction is structured as the purchase of the entire share capital of Abengoa’s subsidiary that holds a 56% economic interest in Befesa Desalination Developments Ghana Limited (BDDG), the Ghanaian company that owns the plant. According to PRNewswire, which broke the news on Thursday, “The base purchase price for this interest is approximately $26 million, subject to adjustment in accordance with the purchase agreement.” It adds that completion of the purchase is expected to occur by the end of the second quarter of 2018. The Desalination Plant has been shut down for weeks now since an order from government, prompted by claims that the plant was being run at a loss. The main claims are that the Ghana Water Company Limited (GWCL) makes payments of around GHC8 million a month to the investors of the project, but makes a paltry GHC2 million by supplying treated water from the plant. This culminates in losses of up to GHC6 million every month. AquaVenture Holdings Limited, which calls itself a leader in Water-as-a-Service (“WAAS”) solutions, indicates on its website that it was set up in 2006 and has since been a leader in the water market. In its 2016 annual report, in which it reports rising profits, the company lists that it currently operates ten water treatment facilities in the Caribbean and South America, of which six exclusively provide water to the local government or government-owned utility companies and four serve industrial and commercial customers. “We are a leading provider of water to the Caribbean market, where we are presently the primary supplier to the United States Virgin Islands, St. Maarten and the British Virgin Islands. We also maintain significant plant operations in Trinidad, Curacao and Peru.” The emerging details indicate government is aware of the transaction although Business Day has not been able to secure confirmation from government officials. But according to Doug Brown, Chairman and CEO of AquaVenture Holdings, “We are excited about this project. This will be our first desalination plant in Africa. The acquisition will expand our base of facilities that provide WAAS solutions to our customers. We look forward to working with the project stakeholders in completing the various conditions to closing and becoming a long-term partner to the Government of Ghana for water treatment and services.” Brown is said to have a track record of delivering shareholder value. In December 2016, desalination.biz reported that “When he joined water technology and engineering firm Ionics as chief executive in 2003, the struggling business was trading at $16 a share. … Facts available on the plant are that in 2011, the Government of Ghana awarded a contract to BDDG for the establishment of the sea water treatment plant to produce clean water, which will be channeled into the pipelines of GWCL. Messrs Befesa Limited, an engineering firm, was contracted by the government to build the desalination plant, operate to defray its cost, and hand over to the GWCL after 25 years. “The project was executed by Abengoa, a Spanish company, and Sojitz Corporation, Japan’s largest importer of rare earth metals,” said a Citifmonline publication. Other details are that the two hold a 94% equity in the project but BDDG is a joint venture of Abengoa Water Investments Ghana, Daye Water Investment (Ghana), and their local partner Hydrocol. In the details concerning the transaction released by AquaVenture, the company said it was purchasing a majority interest in a desalination plant in Accra that has the capacity to deliver approximately 18.5 million gallons (60,000 m3) per day of potable water to Ghana Water Company Limited (“GWCL”) under a long-term, U.S. dollar denominated water purchase agreement. It said political risk insurance is provided to the project lenders and project equity sponsors by Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA), a division of the World Bank. The facility has been operational since 2015 and, through its customer, supplies water to approximately 500,000 residents of Accra.
3. What about in South Africa?
In South Africa desalination is used quite widely by mines to clean up polluted mine water and acid mine drainage. Small to medium-scale desalination has also been used in coastal towns during times of drought. Six municipalities are currently using small-scale reverse osmosis plants to desalinate water for bulk water supply.
Mossel Bay has a medium size desalination plant capable of producing 15 million litres of potable water per day but the plant is currently on standby as the dams in the area are full. Standby mode requires continuous maintenance to keep the plant functional which costs the municipality money whilst not producing any water.
The Knysna municipality has a desalination plant capable of producing 2 million litres per day which is currently shut down for maintenance and repairs. During normal operation, the plant is used at the discretion of the municipality. Currently there is sufficient water in Knysna so use of the plant is minimised due to the high operational costs.
Plettenberg (Bitou municipality) has an operational desalination plant producing 2 million litres per day.
There are two desalination plants in the Ndlambe municipality, namely the Bushman’s River Mouth and Cannon Rocks plants, that produce 1.8 and 0.75 million litres per day respectively. Both plants are currently producing at full capacity.
The Cederberg municipality has a plant in Lamberts Bay with a capacity of 1.7 million litres per day (upgradable to 5 million litres per day); however, this plant is not operational yet as it is still newly developed.
Richard’s Bay has a desalination plant that was installed during the 2016/17 drought to provide the town with 10 million litres per day. It has been operating at an average rate of 6 million litres per day. The plant has had several problems, particularly cable theft, which has interrupted supply, and excessive pressure, which resulted in pipe bursts in the areas receiving water.
4. What desalination is in the pipeline for Cape Town?
Four of the seven augmentation projects that will bring new water online for Cape Town are desalination plants. They are based at the Waterfront, Cape Town harbour, Monwabisi and Strandfontein (the latter two on the False Bay coast). These are relatively small-scale operations. The City has been criticised for initially trying to bring on smaller and quicker plants to provide water during a Day Zero scenario as these are more expensive. At one stage we were going to bring in desalination barges. Barges have only worked successfully in more sheltered sea areas in the Red Sea and the Gulf. There is very little international capacity in this market at the moment, and this is currently not a viable option for Cape Town. Barges are also generally more expensive than land-based desalination.
5. So why aren’t we doing more desalination in Cape Town?
For arid and drought-stricken coastal cities, desalination can be an important source of water which is completely independent of local rainfall. However, desalination remains the resource of last resort for most cities because it is the most expensive. Desalination takes longer to bring online than drilling the shallower boreholes in Atlantis and the Cape Flats. Desalination would also be more cost-effective at larger scales between 150 to 200 million litres per day would be the best economy of scale for Cape Town.
6. What other constraints are there?
The availability of electricity is also a potential issue. Concerns have been raised in the United States that electricity supplies in local grids are not able to accommodate new desalination plants built in response to the Californian drought. South Africa is not long out of an electricity crisis. A further energy crisis at the same time as a water shortage would place this source at risk. Some plants overseas are starting to operate with solar energy, and this could be an option for Cape Town in the long-term. At the moment most of our energy is generated using coal-fired power stations and this means our energy generation puts a lot of greenhouse gases (GHGs) into the atmosphere which is a cause of climate change â€“ which in turn would fuel future droughts.
9. How expensive is desalination compared to other water sources?
Globally desalination is between two to four times as expensive as most other sources depending on the relative cost of capital equipment (how much has to be imported etc), the cost of energy and the cost of labour to implement other water savings. By way of comparison the costs for Cape Town would be:
Raw surface water | between R1 and R4 per kilolitre
Alien clearing to release more water from our catchments | from R6 to R15 per kilolitre
New groundwater | around R15 per kilolitre
Reclaiming and re-using treated waste water | between R10 and R20 per kilolitre
Large-scale, permanent desalination | between R10 and R22 per kilolitre
Smaller, short-term desalination | R34 to R44 per kilolitre